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Cluttering the Space Commons? Upcoming SpaceX Launch Irks Orbital Debris Experts

Space-junk experts are raising a red flag about the upcoming launch of more than 60 small satellites atop a SpaceX…

Space-junk experts are raising a red flag about the upcoming launch of more than 60 small satellites atop a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket.

The mission, dubbed SSO-A: SmallSat Express, was scheduled to launch Monday (Nov. 1

9) from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California, but SpaceX pushed it back to perform additional inspections of the rocket. No new launch date has been set.

SSO-A: SmallSat Express will be the largest rideshare mission from a U.S.-based launch vehicle, with 25 percent of customers launching for the first time. [See the Evolution of SpaceX’s Rockets in Pictures]

Mission Management Provider Spaceflight has contracted with more than 60 spacecraft from approximately 35 different organizations. Spaceflight is a service offering of Spaceflight Industries, based in Seattle.

The satellites are to be dispersed by SHERPA platforms, free-flying secondary payload dispensers.

“What they [Spaceflight] It’s shared how these 70+ satellites are going to be deployed, “said TS Kelso of CelesTrak, an analytical group that keeps an eye on Earth-orbiting objects. (Note: A Spaceflight press release from August stated that 71 satellites would be aboard the launch, but the company’s website currently says the number is “64+.”)

“I checked with one of the operators – trying to get a Head start on how we’re going to ID all of these -and learned that the two SHERPA platforms are going to be released from the Falcon 9 with no attitude control or attitude determination. “

Kelso’s bottom line:” I think this er ikke bare uansvarlig fra et sikkerhetsperspektiv, men det sparer tid og ressurser for mange av de små operatører som kanskje aldri kan høre fra deres satellitter, “siger han til Inside Outer Space.

Kelso’s guess is that about one-third of the satellites to be deployed will basically be space debris on release and there will be difficulties in sorting out this kind of mess.

Kelso spoke extensively with the US Air Force’s 18th Space Control Squadron team last week, at the Space Situational Awareness Operators’ Workshop in Denver. The 18th Space Control Squadron, which is based at Vandenberg, detects, tracks, and identifies all artificial objects in Earth orbit.

“They have almost nothing useful from Spaceflight for the SSO-A launch on Monday. This is totally irresponsible Be prepared for chaos, “Kelso tweeted on Friday (Nov. 16).

I reached out to Spaceflight for comment for my previous article about this launch,” Clutter Space: Upcoming Launch Red Flagged. ” In response to that query, Spaceflight spokeswoman Christine Melby said via email: “Thank you for reaching out. At this time we do not have a comment on this article.”

The patch for the SSO-A mission, which will launch more than 60 small satellites atop a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket.

Credit: Spaceflight

Meanwhile, the 18th Space Control Squadron at Vandenberg recently tweeted: “Check out the SSO-A launch on Monday at #Vandenberg AFB w / 64+ spacecraft! We are working closely with all O / Os [owner/operators] to track & catalog the objects ASAP. Thanks to all the O / Os for their cooperation, transparency and support for #spaceflightsafety. “

But some other experts remained concerned.

” CSpOC [the Combined Space Operations Center] has developed a set of recommendations for optimal cubesat operations, including launch deployment and identifications, “said ID Jer-Chyi Liou, NASA’s chief scientist for orbital debris in the Orbital Debris Program Office at the agency’s Johnson Space Center in Houston.

“It seems that the recommendations were not taken seriously by the SSO-A developers,” Liou told Inside Outer Space.

These recommendations were based on the proliferation of cubesats and associated technology that posed unique tracking and identification challenges. You can read the recommendations here.

Leonard David is the author of “Mars: Our Future on the Red Planet,” published by National Geographic. The book is a companion to the National Geographic Channel series “Mars.” A longtime writer for, David has been reporting on the space industry for more than five decades. Follow us @Spacedotcom Facebook or Google+. This version of the story published on

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