Earth's soil is a rich blend of minerals, organic matter from decomposed plants and animals and a thriving network of…
Earth’s soil is a rich blend of minerals, organic matter from decomposed plants and animals and a thriving network of bacteria and other organisms.
All these components are crucial to healthy soil, and only a handful of dirt contradicts life .
Now, a new study has shown that soil degradation is affected by the climate and today’s soil microbiological levels are driven by climate change 50 years ago.
Although it has been suspected that climate change affects the geographical distribution of soil microbes, there has been some research that examines how climate changes the biodiversity of the soil.
Researchers from Gladstone Institute for Computer Science and Biotechnology and The Institute of Earth Sciences of China’s Science Academy conducted a study and sequenced soil samples from North America and Tibetan plateau.
“The former climate can better predict bacterial distribution than today’s climate,” says Katherine Pollard, senior writer.
The research was published in the journal mSystems.
First, the team from the Chinese Academy of Sciences secreted 1
80 soil samples from 60 different locations on the Tibetan plateau and sent sequencing data to Gladstone.
Comparing the sequenced soil samples and the soil from North America with historical climate records from 1950.
The researchers found that the mixture of soil bacteria present was heavily influenced by the climate 50 years ago, indicating that the soil distribution is likely to change significantly during the In the next few years.
Lubrication of certain bacteria was detected in soil samples, which is consistent with previous studies that found similar stagnant periods for plants and animals that took years to adapt to climate change.
“We found these surprisingly long lines in how the distribution of microbes responds to climate change and the environment,” says Joshua Ladau, a leader of the study.
The researchers also used their data to project future soil distribution based on current climate trends and found that microbial diversity will increase over the next half while adapting to the climate impact of today.
By Kay Vandette, Earth.com Staff Writer
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