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CDC says US life expectancy declining largely to drug overdose and suicides

NEW YORK – Suicides and drug overdoses pushed up U.S. deaths last year, and drove a continuing decline in how…

NEW YORK – Suicides and drug overdoses pushed up U.S. deaths last year, and drove a continuing decline in how long Americans are expected to live.

Overall, there were more than 2.8 million U.S. deaths in 2017, or nearly 70,000 more than the previous year the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Thursday. Det var de fleste dødsår i et år siden regeringen begyndte at regne for mere end et århundrede siden.

Den stigning skyldes delvis landets voksende og aldrende befolkning. Men det er dødsulykker i yngre aldersgrupper &#821

1; særlig middelaldrende mennesker – som har haft den største effekten på beregninger av levetid, udtalte eksperter.

“Disse soberende statistikker er et vågne samtal vi mister for mange Amerikanen, te vroeg en te vaak, twee voorwaarden die voorkomenbaar zijn, “Dr. Robert Redfield, the CDC director, said in a statement.

The suicidal death rate last year was the highest it has been in at least 50 years, according to U.S. government records. There were more than 47,000 suicides, up from a little below 45,000 the year before.

A general decline

Decades, U.S. Livsforventning var på opsvinget, steget et par måneder næsten hvert år. Nu er det trending på andre måter: Det faldt i 2015, forblevet i 2016, og afviste igen i fjor, den CDC sagde.

Den nation er i den lengste periode af en generelt faldende levetid siden sen 1910, når verden War I and the worst influenza pandemic in modern history combined to kill nearly 1 million Americans. Life expectancy in 1918 was 39.

Aside from that, “we’ve never really seen anything like this,” said Robert Anderson, who oversees CDC death statistics.

In the nation’s 10 leading causes of death, only the cancer death rate fell in 2017. Meanwhile, there were increases in seven others – suicide, stroke, diabetes, Alzheimer’s, flu / pneumonia, chronic lower respiratory diseases and unintentional injuries.

An underlying factor is that the death rate for heart disease – the nation’s No. 1 killer – has stopped falling. In years past, declines in heart disease deaths were enough to offset increases in some other kinds of death, but no longer, Anderson said.

(The CDC’s numbers do sometimes change. This week, CDC officials said they had revised their life expectancy estimate for 2016 after some additional data came in.)

What’s driving it?

CDC officials did not speculate about what’s behind declining life expectancy, but Dr. William Dietz, a disease prevention expert at George Washington University, sees a sense of hopelessness.

Financial struggles, a widening income gap and divisive politics are all casting a pall over many Americans, he suggested.

Drug overdose deaths also continued to climb, exceeding 70,000 last year, in the midst of the deadliest drug overdose epidemic in US History. The death rate rose 10 percent from the previous year, less than the 21 percent jump seen between 2016 and 2017.

That’s not quite cause for celebration, said Dr. John Rowe, a professor of health policy and aging at Columbia University.

“Maybe it’s starting to slow down, but it has not turned around yet,” Rowe said. “I think it will take several years.” [19659010] Accidental drug overdoses account for more than a third of the unintentional injury deaths, and intentional drug overdoses account for about a tenth of the suicides, said Dr. Holly Hedegaard, a CDC injury researcher.

Other findings

The CDC figures are based mainly on a review of 2017 death certificates. The life expectancy figure is based on current death trends and other factors.

The agency also said:

  • A baby born last year in the U.S. is expected to live about 78 years and 7 months, on average. An american born in 2015 or 2016 was expected to live about a month longer, and one born in 2014 about two months longer than that.
  • The suicide rate was 14 deaths per 100,000 people. That’s the highest since at least 1975.
  • The percentage of suicides due to drug overdose has been inching downward.
  • Deaths from influenza and pneumonia rose by about 6 percent. The 2017-2018 flu season was one of the worst in more than a decade, and some of the deaths from early in that season appeared in the new death dates.
  • West Virginia was once again the state with the highest rate of drug overdose deaths. The CDC did not release state rates for suicides.
  • Death rates for heroin, methadone and prescription opioid painkillers were flat. But deaths from the powerful painkiller fentanyl and its close opioid cousins ​​continued to soar in 2017.

The CDC did not discuss 2017 gun deaths in the reports released Thursday. Maar eerder CDC-rapporten namen toe dat de snelheid van suicide door wapens en door suffocatie of hanging werd verhoogd.

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