Cases of the rare polio-like disease called acute weak myelitis (AFM) seem to have peaked, federal health workers said on…
Cases of the rare polio-like disease called acute weak myelitis (AFM) seem to have peaked, federal health workers said on Monday.
There were 134 confirmed cases in 33 states and another 165 investigated on November 30, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Most of the recently confirmed cases occurred in September and October and CDC expects the number of cases to fall for the rest of the year.
“CDC expects states continue to report likely AFM cases and medical experts continue to review them and determine if they are confirmed,” the agency said in a statement on Monday.
CDC said on Monday that cases of acute bladder myelitis in polio-like disease appear to have reached 134 confirmed cases in 33 States. Image: Carter Roberts, five (pictured), as died earlier this year after its 2016 contraction of the disease
AFM is a rare but severe condition that affects the nervous system. Specifically, it attacks the spinal cord called gray matter, which weakens the body’s muscles and reflexes.
Symptoms often develop after a virus infection, but often there is no clear cause.
Poliovirus is not the cause of any of the cases, but some cases have been linked to the EVV-A71 and EV-D68 enterovirus, both of which are related relatives to polio.
Some cases have also been linked to rhinovirus.
Patients start with flu-like symptoms, including sneezing and coughing. This slowly enters muscular weakness, difficulty in moving the eyes and then poliological symptoms, including facial pain and swallowing difficulty.
If [AFM affects gray matter] lower the spinal cord [paralysis will] be more in the legs and if it’s higher up there will be more in the arms, & # 39; Dr. Fernando Acosta, a pediatrician at the Cook Children‘s Medical Center, in Fort Worth, Texas, told DailyMail.com in an October interview.
“Or if it’s closer to the neck, they can not move their head, neck and shoulders. We had a fall of it and it was just terrible.”
The average age of the victims is four years and more than 90 percent of The cases are overall in children under 18 years of age.
CDC has seen a breakthrough pattern every other year since 2014, when monitoring began first and leaving health experts confused
There are another 165 cases under investigation, but CDC says it expects this number to decline for the rest of the year. Image: Five-year-old Elizabeth Storrie (image) from Willow Park, Texas, was one of 2018 confirmed cases
In the most serious cases, respiratory distress may occur when the muscles that cause respiratory distress become weak.
In rare cases, AFM can cause neurological complications that can lead to death.
No special treatment is available for AFM, and measures are usually recommended on a case-by-case basis.
Children with weakness in their arms or legs can participate in physical or occupational therapy.
However, doctors acknowledge that they do not know the long-term results for those with AFM.
CDC does not track AFM in terms of its propagation, but rather outbreaks.
The agency has seen a pattern of outbreaks every two years and leaves health experts confused.
AFM affects the nervous system and resembles most of the poliovirus. Health officials have determined that it is caused by a virus, but has not been able to determine an exact cause. Orville Young, Four (Picture), Minnesota, was probably the earliest confirmed case in the state
There were 120 confirmed cases 2014 when monitoring first began, 22 confirmed cases 2015, 149 confirmed cases 2016 and 33 confirmed cases in 2017.  CDC says the majority of cases are reported between August and October, with a sharp decline in November – which has happened true in 2018.
Texas was the state with the most confirmed cases of AFM in 2018 at 16, followed by 15 in Colorado and 10 in Ohio.
In the other 30 states there have been one and nine confirmed cases – and no deaths have been confirmed.
The CDC Council recommends vaccination against poliovirus and West Nile Virus because both are potential causes of AFM.
Health experts say this not only means keeping you up to date with vaccinations, but also minimizing exposure to mosquitoes.
In addition, you can use hot water and soap to avoid getting sick and spreading bacteria.
“It’s a million chance to get it so it’s extremely unlikely that your child will get it,” says Dr. Acosta. “
“Although they suddenly have weakness, AFM is unlikely to have caused it. It is more likely that it is a stroke. But if your child develops it, take them and give them the best chance to survive. “