Canada can not follow the FBI's lead in characterizing the Proud Boys as "extremist" because it does not appear to…
Canada can not follow the FBI’s lead in characterizing the Proud Boys as “extremist” because it does not appear to have any similar system to classify far-right organizations that promote violence.
The FBI’s classification of the Proud Boys as “An extremist group with ties to white nationalism” was revealed early this week in a leaked memo from a Washington State sheriff’s office to the Guardian. Mens er unclear hva som skjer når en gruppe er klassificeret som “ekstremist”, har FBI advart nordvestlige brottsbekämpande byråer som Proud Boys bidrar til den eskalering af rallyer held på college-campuser, og aktivt rekrutter i området, sagde memoet skrevet i august by Commander Michael McCabe of the Clark County Sheriff’s Office.
“Canada has a list of terrorist groups, but nothing like the ‘extremist group’ categorization that the FBI does,” said Canadian Human Rights Lawyer Richard Warman.
Wednesday In an online video, Canadian and founder Gavin McInnes said he quit the Proud Boys, and denied the FBI’s attitude, saying in a video “We are not an extremist group and we do not have ties with white nationalists.” He defended nine Proud Boys who face prosecution in New York City for their alleged involvement in a street brawl last month.
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Proud Boys identify themselves on their website as “white chauvinists” and a “pro-western fraternal organization for men who refuse to apologize for creating the modern world.”
The Southern Poverty Law Center, a prominent American civil rights group, describes it as a far-right hate group.
When HuffPost contacted the RCMP, asking if it considers the Proud Boys extremist, or is considering categorizing that way, a spokeswoman said she’d never heard of the group.
Five members of the Proud Boys, all members of the Canadian military, made headlines last year when they interrupted a Mi ‘ceremony in Halifax, carrying a Red Ensign flag, confronting participants and saying they were recognizing Canada’s heritage as a British colony.
A man wearing a shirt supporting the Proud Boys conservative group makes a hand sign as he takes part in a May Day protest in Seattle May 1, 2017.
Since the Proud Boys was founded in 2016 in the US, chapters have opened around the world, including about 30 in Canada, according to its website.
The group has contributed to violence at political rallies in American cities and it “openly discriminates against women, Muslims, Jews and all people who are of a national origin or an ethnicity that is not traditionally thought of as a western country,” the sheriff’s memo said.  Canada lacks extremist list
The RCMP has a guide on terrorism and violent extremism, which includes “leading national and international extremist groups, organizations, movements and symbols,” but it has not been updated since it was first published in 2016 , said Public Safety Canada. The guide does not include the Proud Boys. When asked why, Public Safety Canada spokesperson Scott Bardsley declined to comment on “security operational issues” but noted that “hate speech and hate crime are intolerable in Canada.”
These groups are fractious, they form and disintegrate, and violence isn Stephanie Carvin, Carleton University
The federal government keeps a terrorist list, but that includes entities that have carried out or attempted to carry out a terrorist activity, rather than groups that promote violence against other groups of people. This definition captures groups that are Islamic, Sikh or Palestinian but no white nationalist groups.
Groups espousing ideologies that inspire violence, like the Proud Boys, know how to “dance on the line” and avoid being labeled as violent ones, said Stephanie Carvin, an assistant professor at Carleton University and former security analyst.
“The government, broadly, is aware far-right groups are extremists, but are they violent extremists? That’s where the trouble comes in and there’s no easy answer, “Carvin said.
” One of the issues is that many of these groups are fractious, they form and disintegrate, and violence is not necessarily coordinated. From a counter-extremism perspective it becomes hard to create a list. “
WHATCH: White Nationalist Posters Are Popping Up Around Canada
Canada’s definition of terrorism and how it classifies national security threats is flawed, said Barbara Perry, a leading expert on right wing extremism and a professor at the University of Ontario Institute of Technology.
“It requires that the group has already been associated with” terrorist “violence, which is too late,” Perry said in an email.
“The more appropriate term is probably extremist, and the more appropriate definition would be groups that, through their own words, suggest the likelihood of violence directed towards specific targets, civilian or otherwise.”
Not having a publicly available, up-to-date list that informs Canadians of right wing extremists reflects the general sense of government and law enforcement denial that these types of groups represent a threat to national security, Perry said.
“How is the intimidation of marginalized communities not a threat to national security? ” said Perry. “
Perry’s research suggests far-right ideologies.” This is much more than simply the threat to public order. have inspired 19 murders in the past four years, including Justin Bourque killing three RCMP officers in Moncton in 2014, Alexandre Bissonnette murdering six Muslim men in Quebec City in 2017 and Alek Minassian killing 10 Toronto pedestrians in attack in April 2018.
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Warman, the human rights lawyer, said labeling groups as extremist raises concerns about censorship and stifling decent, and creates a “problematic line” between what law enforcement morally
“That’s why any sort of listing of extremist groups would be fraught with risk,” Warman said.
Publ ic Safety Canada believes there are other ways to counter radicalization beyond making lists of suspect groups.
It points to initiatives like providing $ 35 million over five years to create a new prevention center for violence that will work with all levels of government, not- for-profit organizations, researchers, law enforcement and others to develop and implement a national strategy on countering radicalization to violence. It will provide $ 10 million after the first five years to continue the center’s work.
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