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Camp Fire is the deadliest fire in a century

Camp Fire in northern California is the deadliest fire in the United States for a century, according to the wilderness…

Camp Fire in northern California is the deadliest fire in the United States for a century, according to the wilderness historian.

The flame of the flame, still burning through the foothills of the Sierra Nevada mountains beyond Sacramento, increased to 48 Tuesday night as crews searched for bodies in communities caught in the moving flames.

Camp fire was already the deadliest fire in California history earlier this week – surpassed the 1933 Griffith Park Fire in Los Angeles, which killed 29. It also surpassed Yarnell Hill Fire, which killed 19 members of the Hotshot firefighting staff.

Not since Cloquet Fire in 1918 has a firepower killed so many people in the United States. An estimated 450 died in the wilderness of Minnesota. The most deadly fire in US history was Peshtigo Fire in Wisconsin in 1

871. At least 1,200 people died.

The Camp Four-mile milestone is the result of increasing development in fire-fought areas and climate change that make wild fires more intense, experts say.

John Bailey, a fire brigade expert and professor at Oregon State University, is afraid that these factors can cause iron fires to return regularly to levels of destruction not seen before the presence of modern fire fighting and prevention.

“We return to levels of fire that were present before the effective fire fighting in the 1960’s and 1970’s. Not only did we have good technology and firefighting and a willingness to spend the money – including the Smokey Bear campaign and Walt Disney – it was a real mission of land management agencies for a while, “he says. 19659008] Climate change has also caused fire seasons – periods of hot dry weather that create the conditions for fires to spark and spread – for several months longer, says Bailey.

“California is barely talking about the season, it’s [just] part of the year now.” The conditions are often worse. We process the conceptualization of how bad they can be. “

Wildfires are not new in the United States. In fact, 150 years ago, there were probably as many fires as today, says Adam Sowards, a professor of history at Idaho University.

But he says, “we have more people so there is a greater likelihood of people being caught and also as societies build on what fire profiles call the wilderness cross-border interface.”

To prevent future fatal fires, it will take great action by governments and people living in fire-exposed areas, “said Soward.

“It will take a whole combination of things, from changes in the zone regulation rules to apply fire in the landscape in some contexts to try to fill that way,” he says.

“Probably situations where there should be logging in some scenarios, a moratorium on building in some places. In total, we must pay close attention to the changing climate and what does it in our landscape [and] as seriously as we planning into the future. “

Here are some of the deadliest fires in US history.

Peshtigo Fire – 1871

Peshtigo Fire is the deadliest firefighter in the history of the United States. Wilderness burned through 1.2 million hectares in Wisconsin and killed 1200 people. According to the National Weather Service, the flame started as a breast sponge in an unknown part of the Wisconsin forest and eventually caused $ 169 million of damage in 17 cities, which completely sensed the city of Peshtigo.

The fire was made much worse by a cold front invading from the west, causing strong winds of up to 110 mph that were found in the fires. The flames reached up to 2000 degrees. The severity of the fire was caused by several factors, including long-term drying, logging and clearance of farmland.

Map of the areas affected by Peshtigo Fire in 1871.

Photo Courtesy National Weather Service

Cloquet Fire – 1918

In October In 1918, 450 people in Minnesota Cloquet Fire died. The fire shot burned through 250,000 hectares and caused $ 73 million in damage. According to the Weather Service, a spark from a suitable train mixed with the dried land and the winds of up to 76 mph led to the worst weather in Minnesota history – and one of the worst in recorded American history. At that time, northeastern Minnesota apparently felt its driest season of 48 years.

In the end 38 communities were destroyed by the fan, including Cloquet, Moose Lake and the Kettle River.

Map of the areas affected by Minnesota Cloquet Fire 1918.

Photo Courtesy National Weather Service

The Great Fire-1910

The The great fire from 1910 burned through 3 million hectares in northern Idaho and western Montana. According to the Forest History Society, the fires killed 87 people, mostly firefighters, and are believed to be the biggest fire in US history. Although no official reason was decided, during the whole dry summer, up to 100 small fires began in the areas of railway ignition. In August, strong winds blown through the area and braided wings that caused flames to spread rapidly.

In the so-called “Big Blowup” the fire continued to spread rapidly for two days before it was stopped by rain. [19659002] According to Weather Service, the smoke of the great fire broke one third of the way around the world – which produced some dark days in the United States and Canada.

Griffith Park Fire-1933

1933 The Griffith Park Fire in Los Angeles, California, killed 29 firefighters who tried to put out the fan that started as a paintbrush that spread across the Mineral Wells Canyon and burned through 47 acres. Griffith Park Fire was the deadliest firefight in California history until 2018 Camp Fire. Yarnell Hill Fire – 2013

2013 Yarnell Hill Fire in Arizona, however, burned 8,400 hectares and killed 19 members of Granite Mountain Hotshots, a group in the Prescott Fire Department whose task was to fight fires. The wilderness was made of lightning strike and spread by 22 mph winds and extremely dry conditions caused by a drought. The wildlife eventually resulted in $ 664 million in damage and was the deadliest firefight in Arizona history.

Cedar Fire 2003

In 2003, Cedar Fire burned in San Diego through 273,246 hectares and killed 15 people, including a firefighter. The fire caused more than $ 1 billion in destruction and began in the Cleveland National Forest by a hunter who signaled for help. It spread rapidly because of Santa Ana Winds. The Cedar fire destroyed almost 3,000 structures, including 2,232 homes.

Write to Gina Martinez at [email protected]

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