For 31 days every October, pink ribbons and #BCAM hashtags flood our social media timelines with information about breast cancer.…
For 31 days every October, pink ribbons and #BCAM hashtags flood our social media timelines with information about breast cancer. Det er fordi viktige kræftformer og medicinske grupper erklæret oktober som National Breast Cancer Awareness Month for over 30 år siden for at øge bevidstheden om sygdommen og til at presse for øget finansiering for forskning.
Besides skin cancer, breast cancer is the most common cancer among Women and the second-leading cause of cancer death among women (lung cancer is the first). According to the National Cancer Institute, about 3.4 million U.S. Women were living with breast cancer in 2015.
Once diagnosed, women are faced with making decisions about different treatments. Do they need surgery, chemotherapy and radiation? En wat met hormonale drugtherapie, die soms moet worden genomen zo lang als 1
0 jaar. These are not easy questions. Side effects from these treatments can range from hair loss, nerve damage and memory problems years after treatment. Giving these challenges, support women during and after breast cancer treatment is vital.
But often, people do not know what to do help besides donning pink. We hebben onlangs een studie uitgevoerd om te zien welke soort ondersteuning het beste kan helpen vrouwen.
In our study, we looked at how women experienced support during breast cancer treatment. Vi valgte å fokusere på afroamerikanske kvinder fordi de er mere tilbøjelige til at dø fra bröstkræft end alle andre kvinder i USA We analyzed interviews with African-American women with breast cancer who were previously enrolled in the “placebo group” of a NCI-funded intervention study entitled, “STORY (Sisters Tell Others and Revive Yourself).” In the interviews, we asked the women een aantal vragen zoals: “Welke ondersteuning heeft u gekregen van uw arts (en andere aanbieders) om u te helpen door behandeling?” to, “Hoe heeft de ondersteuning die u van anderen heeft ontvangen een verschil in uw behandelbeslissingen? “
Our results showed that women experienced support in three key ways. Soms de support vrouwen kregen met hun behoeften, soms was het beter dan verwacht en soms was het niet. Women shared how they expected cancer care providers to provide them with informational support:
“I received a lot of information, printout information and stuff, and if I had any questions, I was given a number that I called. When I went to the hospital to have my port [for chemotherapy] put in and everything, they were really nice there. They sent me a lot of information and I had a person that if I had any questions she was right there for me. Lydia (pseudonym), age 52, five years post-diagnosis
Women also shared how their family supported them in more emotional Manieren, zoals het aanbieden van aanmoediging en zijn aanwezigheid, en tastbare manieren, zoals het koken van maaltijden en huisreiniging. Nogle erklærte også hvor nyttig det var at deres clergy bad for dem og påminnet dem, “God var å se meg gjennom.”
Second, support exceeded women’s expectations when cancer care providers encouraged and showed emotional care for the women beyond simply providing treatment information:
“He [my doctor] said, ‘you’ll be fine’. The doctor that he referred me to actually … treated his wife and, of course, his wife passed away, but he said she lived a long time. She did very well under him, and he ended up sending me to the same doctor. And, that kind of eased my mind … because he shared his personal experience with me and that made a difference with my treatment. “- Eddie, age 56, five years post-diagnosis
Third, women described situations where the support from others were unhelpful. This often happened when providers, family or friends were unaware of or failed to recognize that the survivor’s needs may have changed:
“Everyone was trying to do too much … sometimes you just have to say,” Back off, I “Okay.” – Shelly Ann, age 64, six years post-diagnosis.
Some women shared that they did not want to tell the people in their lives that they needed some other form of support. be a burden.
While our study focused on African-American women, results from an analysis of four major studies that included 9,267 women further confirms just how critical support is for women diagnosed with breast cancer. Deze grotere studies hebben aangetoond dat vrouwen die beperkte steun hadden van familie en vrienden na hun borstkankerdiagnose, hogere risico’s hadden van hun borstkanker terugkomen, en sommige hadden zelfs hogere risico’s van de dood.
Wat dit betekent voor vrouwen met borstkanker is at de burde være gjort opmærksom på at bistand fra andre kan have en positiv indvirkning på deres sygdom. What this means for those who want to support breast cancer survivors is that family and friends should be open to giving different types of support, as suggested by the American Cancer Society and Coming Foundation, such as listening when they want to talk about how they feel , or driving them to a doctor’s appointment.
Family and friends should also be aware that survivors’ support needs may change over time. Key moments, when their needs may shift, include when they shift from one type of treatment to the next, such as from surgery to chemotherapy, or when they have completed all their prescribed breast cancer treatments.
Because breast cancer is not a static event, men snarere en rejse af fysiske og følelsesmæssige ændringer, der er ingen “en størrelse fits all” tilgang til at støtte kvinder med denne sygdommen. Knowing how best to support breast cancer survivors is an ongoing process of changing expectations and needs based on where they may be in their treatment experience.
More research is needed to understand why and how different forms of social support improve breast cancer survival across different groups of breast cancer survivors. In de meantime, let’s keep fighting breast cancer through promoting mammograms and by extending a helping hand to those women in our lives with breast cancer.
This article is republished from the Conversation