Categories: Fitness

Birth Control Pills

What is birth control pills?

Birth control pills also are known as oral contraceptives, is a kind of birth control that you can use by your personal decision. The pills are medications that you take by mouth to prevent you from pregnancy. It works by stopping the sperm from meeting an egg.

The pills are a type of medicine with hormones that you take every day to prevent you from getting pregnant. If you always take it on time, then it is safe, affordable, and effective.

Types of birth control pill :

Combination pills :

Combination pills contain two types of man-made hormones, that are commonly used in all types of birth control, are including :

  1. Estrogen
  2. Progestin

Most pills in each cycle are active ( contain hormones ). The remaining pills are inactive ( don’t contain hormones ).

Progestin-only pills :

Progestin-only pill, also known as minipill, contains progestin without estrogen. It’s good for the women who can not take estrogen for health or other reasons.

Deciding on the type of birth control pill :

Every type of pills is not good for every woman. Prescribe from your doctor about which pill option would work best for you.

Factors that can affect your choice, are including :

How does it work?

The combination pills work in two ways, including –

  1. Prevent your body from ovulating ( the ovaries could not release an egg each month ).
  2. The pills cause your body to thicken your cervical mucus ( thickened mucus helps to prevent the sperm from reaching your uterus ).

Progestin-only pills work in few different ways. It works by

  1. Thickening the cervical mucus
  2. Thinning your endometrium ( the lining of your uterus where an egg implants after it’s fertilized ).

If this lining is thinner, it’s harder for an egg to implant in it, which will prevent a pregnancy from growing.

How do you use birth control pill?  

There are many forms of combination pills, including the monthly packs, which follow either 21-days, 24-days, or 28-days cycles. Extended regimens may follow 91-days cycles. Take one pill at the same time every day.

Progestin-only pills only come in packs of 28. Take one pill each day at the same time of day.

Side effects of this pills :

In this birth control pill, the reaction of every woman is different. Some women have side effects, including :

Risks of birth control pill :

The serious risk of using birth control pill is the increased risk of blood clots. Some other risks are including :

  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Deep vein thrombosis

The risk of a blood clot from the pill is higher for the women who: