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Big Cities success reflects the deepening of the Urban-Rural Divide

Some major cities, especially on the coasts, are sucking up high-tech talents and also becoming richer, more liberal and more…

Some major cities, especially on the coasts, are sucking up high-tech talents and also becoming richer, more liberal and more ethnic different – displacement of the country’s economic, political and cultural landscape.

Small towns also attract skilled workers, but have difficulty competing for the country’s most appreciated jobs and major projects, while the countryside is falling behind.

Over the past ten years, US employment has increased 7% and the number of businesses in these locations has increased by 11%, while employment has contracted in non-metric areas and the number of companies that have hardly changed, according to their duties.

Big changes in how people work and live over The past generation is behind the change. When global competition dried up manufacturing jobs in small cities, the United States became more dependent on the growth of knowledge and service jobs that tend to spread in densely populated areas.

Five cities &#821

1; New York, Chicago, Dallas, Houston, San Francisco – accounted for one third of all Fortune 500 headquarters and half of Fortune 500’s profits last year, according to research by Richard Florida, a professor at the University of Toronto and his colleagues. The Washington area, which had only four headquarters in 1975, was home to 17 headquarters last year. New York had 70, more than any other American city.

“For those who looked at [the Amazon competition] and used it as a kind of bellwether for how the coasts and the heart do, they come away saying that we are still in a time when the rich are getting richer both in terms of people, businesses and now cities, “said Joseph Parilla, a colleague at Brookings Institution.

When commencement began to be located in cities in the 1990s, many experts predicted that because the Internet allows people to work anywhere, technology workers would spread across the country because companies sought cheap office space.

Instead, placed as Silicon Valley and Seattle showed that clusters of highly qualified workers pushed innovation at a higher rate. The overloaded places that were already good brought in more trained workers who wanted to live in walking districts with nice restaurants and hip entertainment.

“Every giant of the long-distance Internet economy that chooses a traditional city state only reinforces the perception that new technologies work well in close environments,” said Edward Glaeser, economics professor at Harvard University.

When Amazon announced It had earned its finalist cities to 20 places earlier this year, small towns like Columbus, Ohio; Indianapolis and Pittsburgh saw a chance to spread the country’s economic growth. Their lack of technology workers put them in an insurmountable disadvantage.

In Dallas, former Amazon practitioner Matt Rutledge said he wanted his city to land HQ2 but worried about technology. He said Dallas has many developers in the energy and finance sector, but few of them are looking for work. “I’ve had trouble finding a great talent’s pool of developers available in the workforce,” he said.

New York and Arlington, Va., Traded billions of dollars in incentive for a shiny new Amazon HQ2. However, the arrival of the new company headquarters may pose some serious challenges to the two cities.

Diversity was also high on Amazon’s priority lists for their new home, according to its original call and people who knew their thinking. The company wanted a place with a lot of women in the labor force and many ethnicities.

Among all Amazon’s US finalist cities, New York and Washington subways rank third and fourth, to have the most diverse populations, according to a Wall Street Journal analysis of census figures. They are behind Los Angeles and Miami. The metro areas of Indianapolis, Nashville and Pittsburgh took the three lower places of diversity.

The new concentration of work can affect America’s political map. Higher educated workers are increasingly moving to the Democratic Party. The influx of skilled jobs in New York and Washington is likely to make these areas even more democratic, “said Karlyn Bowman, senior colleague at the Conservative American Enterprise Institute.

“It can aggravate the urban gulf of the countryside. There is no doubt,” she said.

Changing political preferences have emerged in Arlington, where Amazon plans to set up its office in Virginia and the 17 cities and counties of northern Virginia that are part of the Washington subway. In the 2000 presidential elections, Republican George W. Bush received 49% of the vote and hit Democrat Al Gore by 2 percentage points. By 2016, the area had become varied to become highly democratic, with Hillary Clinton taking 60% of the vote to Donald Trumps 34%.

Johnna Reeder, former president of the group preparing Cincinnati’s Amazon bid, said the city had tried to impress the company with its efforts to turn into a technical hub. That was not enough. “We just did not have the volume, the scale that was necessary,” she said.

 A man drives along the water on Thursday in Long Island City, the site of Amazon's planned New York City campus.

A man drives along the water on Thursday in Long Island City, the site of Amazon’s planned New York City campus.


Image:

Drew Angerer / Getty Images

Still, it’s not exactly a winner-taking-all economy for the biggest subways. Prof. Glaeser said that small and medium-sized cities with educated populations still benefit from their combination of skilled labor and lower costs, only on a smaller scale.

In Pittsburgh, officials say, for example, that the city’s high quality of life is the key to caring for the former steel towns technical sector. Allegheny County Executive Rich Fitzgerald pointed to the area’s parks, cultural amenities, professional sports teams and major universities that play a role in attracting large companies such as Uber Technologies Inc.,

Facebook
Inc.,

Google,

Microsoft
Corp.

and Amazon.

Kenny McDonald, head of the Economic Development Group who ran Columbia’s Amazon bid, said city officials focused on making it a better place to live with the hope of drawing a talent base that would attract employers. It was a shift from older economic models that concerned getting the job first.

Unemployment in Columbus dropped 3.6% in September-lower than 3.9% in the New York City area.

Write to Shayndi Raice on [email protected] and Janet Adamy at [email protected]

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