(CNN) –An unprecedented gap in life among rich and poor has occurred in the United Kingdom, and researchers say it…
An unprecedented gap in life among rich and poor has occurred in the United Kingdom, and researchers say it has also seen in the United States.
Lifetime between the most prosperous and most deprived girls and women in Britain increased from a difference of 6.1 in 2001 to 7.9 in 2016, according to a study published in the Lancet Public Health newspaper on Thursday.
Lifetime between the most prosperous and most deprived boys and men in Britain climbed from a difference of nine years to 9.7 years, according to the study.
“The discovery is that in every age group and from every disease there is a contribution to inequality, which really means … the poor suffer all over the line,” said Majid Ezzati, Professor of Global Environmental Health at Imperial College, London, UK, which were senior writers of the study.
“Overall, access to healthcare and the use of healthcare facilities are worse for the poor, even in a country that has a national health system, but probably not as bad as the situation in the United States,” he said. “So there is a combination of social, economic behavior and health care.”
A decade ago, a similar study also led by Ezzati, found a gradual increase in longevity between US countries between 1
983 and 1999, due to differences among the poor. The study was published in the journal PLOS Medicine.
In general, the global life expectancy at 2016 was 72 years, according to the World Health Organization. The global average lifespan increased 5.5 years between 2000 and 2016, the fastest increase since the 1960s, WHO said.
The new study included health data from the National Statistical Office on Population and Death in England. The researchers analyzed the data, which included 7.65 million deaths between 2001 and 2016, watching each and every death occurred and differences in society, and noted which communities were most prosperous and most deprived.
The researchers found that life expectancy at birth 2016 was consistently lower in more deprived communities. Among women, the life span was 78.8 years in the most deprived areas to 86.7 years in the most prosperous areas, and among men ranged from 74 to 83.8, researchers found.
Although the expected life expectancy increased in most societies from 2001 to 2016, profits were higher in the rich groups, researchers found.
“We know inequality in lifespan and life expectancy, and we knew they went up. But we did not really notice they went up partly because the poor lose their lives rather than win” Ezzati said.
“For the poorest societies, life expectancy has actually gone down in the last six or seven years – go slowly but still go down,” he said.
More research is required to determine the exact contribution from factors that cause such inequalities, but the researchers pointed out that the major contributors to inequality for longevity were deaths in children younger than 5, mostly newborn deaths. respiratory diseases; heart disease; lung and digestive tract; and dementia in older adults.
The study has some limitations, among other things, that the data were grouped from community trends, and therefore the results should not only be attributed to changes in the individual’s health condition.
“There is a comprehensive survey of inequality in health, which primarily points to the conditions in which people live and work in, with the most deprived of experiencing insecure income, employment, housing, and even food supply in Britain,” said Martin McKee, Professor of European Public Health at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, who was not involved in the study but has performed a separate life span.
As for the new study, “this is the most comprehensive study so far how this varies by levels of deprivation,” said McKee.
“Overall results are consistent with previous studies, but it adds an important new dimension. It confirms that women in particular in the most deprived areas really suffer in the last eight years or so,” he says. “The perception that The lifespan actually decreases for some groups should be taken extremely seriously, as historically it has always been an indicator of deep-seated problems in society. “
John Newton, Head of Health Improvement in Public Health England, wrote an editorial following the new study in Lancet Public Health.
“As a society, we must record a shame about these results and adopt a corresponding level of urgency and accuracy when we try to deal with them,” wrote Newton.
“It seems clear that a significant part of the population is left behind in terms of their health outcomes,” he wrote. “There is much to do if we see these numbers improve. There is evidence that many of the multidisciplinary interventions are needed. New technologies offer new opportunities to engage the public to improve their health, but we must ensure that the future’s effectiveness in health improvement is not achieved at the expense of equity. “
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