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At what age do you know 65?

Credit: CC0 Public Domain At what age do you know 65? A 30-year difference distinguishes countries with the highest and lowest ages where people experience 65-year-old health problems, according to a new scientific study. Researchers found 76-year-olds in Japan and 46-year-olds in Papua New Guinea have the same level of age-related health problems as an "average" person aged 65 years. "These diverse results show that increased life expectancy in older age can either be an opportunity or a threat to the overall well-being of the population, due to aging-related health problems experienced by the population, regardless of chronological age." Angela Y. Chang, lead author and postdoctoral fellow at the Center for Health Trends and Forecasts at the University of Washington. "Age-related health problems can lead to early retirement, less labor, and higher health expenditures. Government leaders and other stakeholders who influence health systems must consider when people begin to suffer from the negative effects of aging." These adverse effects include impaired functions and loss of physical, mental and cognitive abilities arising from the 92 analyzed states, five of which are transmissible and 81 non-transmissible along with six injuries. The study, published yesterday in the international medical journal Lancet Public Health is the first of its kind, according to Chang, whose center is housed at the UW's Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. When traditional aging methods investigate increased longevity, this study examines both chronological age and the rate at which aging contributes to the health loss. The study uses estimates…

Credit: CC0 Public Domain

At what age do you know 65?

A 30-year difference distinguishes countries with the highest and lowest ages where people experience 65-year-old health problems, according to a new scientific study.

Researchers found 76-year-olds in Japan and 46-year-olds in Papua New Guinea have the same level of age-related health problems as an “average” person aged 65 years.

“These diverse results show that increased life expectancy in older age can either be an opportunity or a threat to the overall well-being of the population, due to aging-related health problems experienced by the population, regardless of chronological age.” Angela Y. Chang, lead author and postdoctoral fellow at the Center for Health Trends and Forecasts at the University of Washington. “Age-related health problems can lead to early retirement, less labor, and higher health expenditures. Government leaders and other stakeholders who influence health systems must consider when people begin to suffer from the negative effects of aging.”

These adverse effects include impaired functions and loss of physical, mental and cognitive abilities arising from the 92 analyzed states, five of which are transmissible and 81

non-transmissible along with six injuries.

The study, published yesterday in the international medical journal Lancet Public Health is the first of its kind, according to Chang, whose center is housed at the UW’s Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. When traditional aging methods investigate increased longevity, this study examines both chronological age and the rate at which aging contributes to the health loss. The study uses estimates from the Global Study of Disease Study (GBD).

Researchers measured “age-related disease burden” by aggregating all disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), a measurement of healthy life loss related to 92 diseases. The results cover 1990 to 2017 in 195 countries and territories. For example, in 2017, people in Papua New Guinea had the world’s highest number of age-related health problems with more than 500 DALY per 1,000 adults, four times that of people in Switzerland with just over 100 DALY per 1,000 adults.

The speed in the United States was 161.5 DALY per 1,000, giving it a ranking of 53, between Algeria at 52nd with DALYs 161.0 and 1000 at 54 with 164.8 DALYs per 1,000.

Using global average 65 year olds as a reference group, Chang and other researchers also appreciated the ages where the population of each country experienced the same related burden rate. They found wide variation in how well or badly people age. In the first place, Japanese 76-year-olds experience the same aging burden as 46-year-olds in Papua New Guinea, which was ranked last over 195 countries and territories. At 68.5 years, the US was ranked 54, between Iran (69.0 years) and Antigua and Barbuda (68.4 years).

The study is titled “Measurement of population aging: An analysis of the Global Study of Disease Study 2017”. [19659005] Additional studies include:

  • Age-related disease burden dropped over time between all regions between 1990 and 2017, which meant death and severity reductions in age-related problems.
  • In 2017, people in 108 countries experienced previous accumulation of aging problems, while those in 87 countries experienced slower aging.
  • Globally, age-related diseases with most deaths and DALYs were: ischemic heart disease, cerebral hemorrhage and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Countries with the highest equivalent age to global 65 year olds 2017:

1. Japan: 76.1 years

2. Switzerland: 76.1

3. France: 76.0

4. Singapore: 76.0

5. Kuwait: 75.3

6. South Korea: 75.1

7. Spain: 75.1

8. Italy: 74.8

9. Puerto Rico: 74.6

10. Peru: 74.3

Countries with the lowest equivalent age to global 65 year olds 2017:

1. Papua New Guinea: 45.6 years

2. Marshall Islands: 51.0

3. Afghanistan: 51.6

4. Vanuatu: 52.2

5. Solomon Islands: 53.4

6. Central African Republic: 53.6

7. Lesotho: 53.6

8. Kiribati: 54.2

9. Guinea-Bissau: 54.5

10. Federated States of Micronesia: 55.0

Countries with the lowest age-related burden in 2017:

1. Switzerland: DALY 104.9 per 1,000 adult age 25 or older

2. Singapore: 108.3

3. South Korea: 110.1

4. Japan: 110.6

5. Italy: 115.2

6. Kuwait: 118.2

7. Spain: 119.2

8. France: 119.3

9. Israel: 120.2

10. Sweden: 122.1

Countries with the highest age-related burden in 2017:

1. Papua New Guinea: DALY 506.6 per 1,000 adults 25 years or older

2. Marshall Islands: 396.6

3. Vanuatu: 392.1

4. Afghanistan: 380.2

5. Solomon Islands: 368.0

6. Central African Republic: 364.6

7. Lesotho: 360.5

8. Kiribati: 347.5

9. Guinea-Bissau: 343.4

10. Eritrea: 325.7


Baby & # 39; boom & # 39; And the busts of nations’ birth rates vary considerably


More information :
Angela Y Chang et al, Measuring population aging: An analysis of the Global Study of Disease Study 2017, Lancet Public Health (2019). DOI: 10,1016 / S2468-2667 (19) 30019-2

The studies and additional information are available at http://www.healthdata.org


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Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation

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At what age do you know 65? (2019, March 8)
March 9, 2019
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