SALT LAKE CITY – The violent campus shooting dead of a Utah university last Monday night probably some parents wonder…
SALT LAKE CITY – The violent campus shooting dead of a Utah university last Monday night probably some parents wonder if their students are safe on campus. And it has attached interest to campus security efforts nationwide.
Lauren McCluskey, 21, died after being shot by a man she recently dated. He took his own life a few hours later.
Deseret News asked experts nationwide to talk about how colleges improve safety, as well as what challenges there are and how parents and students can help. It did not ask the experts to comment directly on McCluskey’s death, as the investigation is still taking place.
Experts say security is one of the biggest challenges for colleges ̵
1; and they have responded for years by increasing security efforts and increasing both the Supply of Services and how they deliver them.
The campuses have responded to violence and other security events, ranging from engineering tools and more staff to programs that increase students’ skills, such as self-defense training. Students often learn how to safely intervene as a persecutor.
“I think it is fair that colleagues and universities, not just their police and public security agencies, are constantly looking for ways to prevent crime, especially violent crime against students, faculty and staff,” said Jeff Allison, head of government and external relations for International Association of Campus Law Enforcement Administrators.
Schools learn from each other’s bad experiences, he says.
Allison says government statistics and studying all suggest that young adults going to college are generally safer than comrades who are not enrolled. And campus-related crime has fallen for several years everywhere, although some types of crimes have proven to be more unthinkable than others.
Sexual abuse has not diminished much, if at all, according to the Ministry of Education’s duties. Alcohol and drug abuse are still major problems – and violence and drug abuse are often related, with substance consumption that burns violence. Alcohol is also the number 1 student at risk, according to Allison.
Dating violence, domestic violence and stalking continues to prevent efforts for these crimes.
“We are really beginning to deal with the extent of domestic violence, dating violence and stalking in colleges,” said S. Daniel Carter, chairman of security campus security adviser, who consults security issues on campus. “Nationally, we do not have much comparable data, but we know dating violence is an important issue for university students across the country. “
According to federal guidelines, dating violence is the violence of a person who has or has been in a social relationship of romantic or intimate nature. Secret violence involves people living or living together, these are among the more complicated security issues that universities try to prevent each year.
“Our first priority for campus security is human life,” said Jeff Graviet, Head of Emergency Management Services at the University of Utah . “The question is how we arm the students with as much capacity as we can – knowledge, tools and protection – to handle it? “
It is a matter of thousands of higher education institutions considering each day. So parents and students.
In 2016, burglary was far from the biggest crime at the university campus. However, the Ministry of Education reported reports of nearly 6,700 violent rape on campus, 4000 aggravated assaults, 3,600 cases of “enchantment”, 70 statutory rapes and 41 murders, and a handful of terrible deaths.
Carter says the goal is to prevent a bad situation before escalating, including with dating or domestic violence and other addiction.
Colleges must offer housing when it is possible if a student feels threatened, even if the other party is not affiliated with the school, he says. For example, if the student lives in campus housing, the college may allow an apartment change, provided another apartment is available. Classes can be changed or tasks on campus.
The campuses have been clear to ensure that students, teachers and staff know what they are dealing with, according to Abigail Boyer, Managing Director of The Clery Center. The center, a campus security ideal, was founded by the family and others after Jeanne Clery, 19, was raped and murdered in her college dormitory in 1986. The Congress is also called the law mandated for crime reporting requirements at US colleges and universities after her.  Among the security issues that schools and individuals consider is “Have you identified what an addictive relationship looks like? And are we prepared to intervene?” Boyer says.
The institutions must have an answer and specific policies for dealing with such situations, she notes.
In the case of campus crimes, sexual abuse numbers have become devastating. Carter says that as many as 1 in 4 or 5 students will be victims of sexual abuse in their undergraduate years, but the crime can not happen on campus. These figures have been relatively unpleasant, he adds. But it varies greatly from school to school – from half of the students at an outliers school to 1 in 8 on another outlier on the other side, he says. “Most were in the middle and because of the privacy of the studies, we do not know which schools are outliers.”
Sexual abuse data are also tricky: Some studies indicate that college campus is seeing a decline, while others are disagreeable, according to Allison.
On the other hand, parents and students looking at school’s security and crime reports are careful to remember that high numbers may not mean that a school has more crime than schools with lower numbers. That school can only be much better to gather data or have an environment that makes the students feel safe reporting crime, “Boyer says.
Campus murders are definitely more rare than other crimes, “said Carter.
Details about Deseret News did not find consistent, setting the numbers between about 20 and 45 per year in the United States, over 6,000 institutions and their sometimes more campuses.
Colleges utilize many tools to increase security for campus.
U. has created a tutorial for emergency situations available in paper and a related digital appversion. It’s not meant to be a resource during the emergency, says Graviet, but before the danger arises, the individual knows what to do. It includes, for example, guidance on what to do during an active shooter event or a weather event or if you encounter a suspicious package.
They also have direct-line emergency telephones in campus parking lots that go directly to the campus police. Many US colleges and universities use similar guides and tools.
Colleges nationwide have each university system that sends texts, phones and emails to students, parents, faculties, staff and others. Monday night’s warning from U. warned its 55,000 member community of an active shooter and told campus recipients on site protection. Shortly thereafter, it provided lookout information about the suspect. The alert was updated regularly and eventually told the recipients when the campus was considered safe so that people could move again.
Campus is actually “powerful” compared to a city of comparable size when it comes to warning its people at risk, Graviet says. “We are extremely powerful in terms of communication, protection and education. I think some of the safest places in our country are campuses. This does not mean that it’s absolutely certain, because it’s an open campus.” If anyone wants to hurt, It’s quite hard to know it in advance. “
Although colleges everywhere try, these experts agree. And the federal government has established certain standards that they must meet by means of the act of complaint and other legislation. Each university receiving public funds must send security information and provide criminal records each year, including other requirements.
The university has also placed cameras throughout the campus monitored around the clock. Many offer rape aggression and other self-defense training. Orientations contain routine safety information. And colleges employ counselors and others in record numbers to help with anxiety and other psychological problems.
Often the schools also have their own programs that connect students to resources and tell them where to report security issues or how to reach victim advocates or help with public security. You have, for example, the SafeU app. BYU has a similar app called Y-Alert and its SafeWalk feature so that students can have BYU police track the location if they go alone. They can meet an emergency button if needed, says BYU spokesman Todd Hollingshead.
What parents can do students
Allison proposes that parents and students consider a school to look at what type of crime prevention services and public services are available through the college. They should consider the education offered by the campus police to the students and their relationship with external local law enforcement.
They must also remember that on the campus or in society security is a shared responsibility, he says. Students should always be aware of their surroundings and make good decisions “about where to go, who to go with” and the use of alcohol or other substances that can impair judgment and reaction or otherwise create security problems.
Boyer tells parents to have safety talks with their children early and keep them when the students grow up. Alcohol and drugs, relationships and how to detect danger are just some of the ongoing conversations that parents and children should have.
“Preventive education is not something that should start in higher education. We know that unhealthy relationships start not only when you go to university,” she says.
Other things parents and students can do to increase security are:
. • Do not have earplugs or reading while walking across the campus. Be aware of your environment.
• Use a companion system when you travel at night.
Allison tells his son who goes to college in Ohio that it does not matter if he goes with “five big burly friends.” Someone must pay attention to the environment and make sure they are safe. Think of it as a “designated” security person, he says.
campus protection will give an escort late at night or campus has a commuter system, use it.
• Learn where security tools are directly-line phones.
• Do not hesitate to call 911 on your cell if you know deny you threatened.
• Report areas that are illuminated or the light has burned out. Avoid them when walking alone.
• When choosing schools, check the tone and quality of the information presented for safety. Check out the policies. Examine the school’s security website for campus.
• Tell personal safety concerns, as a problem with someone you have / have relationship with, thieves, etc. to the appropriate university administrators. And when you first come to campus, find out which office or department is dealing with such a report.
Knowing who to contact and what services are available really means, according to Boyer. “It goes back to the culture on campus,” she says, adding that if people are convinced to report problems and know something will be done, security is improved.