Leonid Meteor Rain will make his annual appearance on the sky this weekend. As NPR reports, the best time to catch it is late on Saturday night to Sunday morning (17-18 November), so if you really want to catch this dazzling light, you may want to drink some coffee to help you stay up.
The rising gibbena moon will feed the skies of the meteor, so plan to start staring after the moon has set but before dawn on Sunday. (You can use timeanddate.com to calculate the monthly time in your area. The site also has an interactive meteoric sky map to monitor visibility conditions.)
If you will be in parts of the South or Midwest this weekend you are lucky. Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Nebraska and Nevada are expected to enjoy Leonid’s best opinion this time, according to Popular Mechanics .
The Leonids occur every year around November 1
7 or 18 when the Earth drives the long trace of debris following the comet Tempel-Tuttle. The comet takes 33 years to complete its orbit around the sun, and when it reaches perihelion (closest to the sun), a Leonid storm can occur due to the density of the comet’s existing debris. This sometimes results in hundreds of thousands of meteors that extend over the sky per hour, visible from the ground. The last Leonid storm occurred in 2001, but the Earth may not see dense cloud clouds until 2099 according to the American Meteor Association.
A year is clear and you can secure a secluded location away from the city lights, you may be able to see about 15 to 20 meteors per hour. They travel at 44 miles per second “and are considered to be some of the fastest meteors out there,” said NASA. They are also known for their “fireballs” emissions of light and color – which tend to last longer than a typical meteor stretch.  [h/t NPR]