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Ancient mass sacrifice site reveals hundreds of child and lama skeletons

The site was dug between 2011 and 2016 after the locals said they saw bones in erosive pathways.The well-preserved remains were found over 700 square meters, where the Chimú state culture lived along the coast of Peru during the 15th century. The Chimú state was at that time, one of the most powerful in America.From A.D. 900 to 1500 caused the struggle for political, economic and religious control of the region warfare and massacres across the northern coast of Peru as the state expanded. It was also when the Chimú state flourished, controlled hundreds of miles of coastline and far in several directions. Its people were at the heart of an extensive trading network and used hydraulic channels to support their prosperous agriculture. At the heart of it was all the capital, Chan Chan, one of the largest settlements of that time. It included palaces, gardens, temples and plazas. It was perfectly situated between the fields, the desert, the mountains, the wetlands and the Pacific Ocean. While victims were part of ancient cultures, there was previously very little evidence that they happened alongside Peru north coast. A site in a Peruvian coastal town dug in 1969 revealed 17 children and 20 llamas buried together. It was assumed to be a sacrificial site, but it was then an isolated discovery. The newly excavated Huanchaquito-Las Llamas site is beach sand about a quarter mile from the beach, and some of the site has been disturbed in recent years thanks to construction. On…

The site was dug between 2011 and 2016 after the locals said they saw bones in erosive pathways.

The well-preserved remains were found over 700 square meters, where the Chimú state culture lived along the coast of Peru during the 15th century. The Chimú state was at that time, one of the most powerful in America.

From A.D. 900 to 1500 caused the struggle for political, economic and religious control of the region warfare and massacres across the northern coast of Peru as the state expanded. It was also when the Chimú state flourished, controlled hundreds of miles of coastline and far in several directions. Its people were at the heart of an extensive trading network and used hydraulic channels to support their prosperous agriculture.

At the heart of it was all the capital, Chan Chan, one of the largest settlements of that time. It included palaces, gardens, temples and plazas. It was perfectly situated between the fields, the desert, the mountains, the wetlands and the Pacific Ocean.

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While victims were part of ancient cultures, there was previously very little evidence that they happened alongside Peru north coast. A site in a Peruvian coastal town dug in 1969 revealed 17 children and 20 llamas buried together. It was assumed to be a sacrificial site, but it was then an isolated discovery.

The newly excavated Huanchaquito-Las Llamas site is beach sand about a quarter mile from the beach, and some of the site has been disturbed in recent years thanks to construction.

On this page there were no tombs to speak of, and the bodies were found in unusual positions, suggesting that it was not a typical burial ground.

The children were boys and girls between the ages of 5 and 14, with the majority falling between 8 and 12. Anatomical and genetic evidence, including cranes that had been modified and shaped while the children grew, showed that they came from different ethnic groups and regions.

 Remains of children found on site.

The researchers said there would be even more children among the total if incomplete residue from the site had been included.

The children were buried in groups of three, which increased in age. Some of them had face color or headgear applied before the victim. The lambs were next to or on top of the human skeletons and were alternating in color, largely brown and beige.

The children were buried against the sea and the llamas facing the mountains. The kids had no shoes, just plain cotton clothes, and were curled on their sides, lying lying down or crouched on their backs.

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Study authors believe that someone with “an experienced hand” sliced ​​opens the sternum of the children and llamas and sharply opened their coffins to remove the hearts.

There were also three adults: one man and two women. One woman was 18 and the other was between 20 and 30 years. One probably died from a blow to the head, and the other showed signs of blunt force trauma to the face, but there was no identifiable cause of death. The man was between 30 and 40 years of age and had several blemishes, and no cause for death could also be identified in his case.

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The two women were buried and kneeled on their knees and the man was buried on his back. Because of their location and proximity to the children, they were associated with the ritual victim.

The lambs were all less than one and a half years old, with the majority less than 9 months old. The researchers believe that this was purposeful, to match the children’s ages. While there were a variety of colors of llamas, including beige, light brown, dark brown and mixed colors, brown was the most common, suggesting that it was selected for purpose.

In the north, a single lame was found buried with a pair of ceramic cans and wooden spades, all of which were associated with the Chimú burial process.

A thick layer of clay covered the area under the skeleton, suggesting that a massive rainfall or flood occurred before the victim and may have inspired it.

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Part of the clay was still well preserved enough to show the footsteps of children and llamas that you went to the site of their death.

Radiocarbon dating enabled the researchers to decide that the victim occurred in 1450. The discovery is the largest known mass victim of both children and llamas in America.

But why did it happen? Only further studies help the researchers learn more about the lost life on the site. But they believe that the rain or flood from El Niño could have affected the economic, political, and ideological stability of the Chimu state.

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“This archaeological discovery was a surprise to all of us – we had not seen anything like this before, and there was No suggestion from ethnological sources or historical stories of children or camel victims made on such a scale in the northern coast of Peru, says John Verano, study author and professor of anthropology at Tulane University, in a statement. “We were fortunate to be able to excavate the entire site and to have an interdisciplinary field and laboratory stroke to do excavation and preliminary analysis of the material. This page opens a new chapter on the practice of child sacrifice in the old world. “

The researchers will continue their study to study this relationship between child sacrifice methods in America in connection with environmental disasters.

” Thanks to National Geographic and FONDECYT Peru we dig a new site located a few miles north of Huanchaquito Las Llamas which has evidence of another massive offermark, “wrote Gabriel Prieto, study author and assistant professor of archeology at the National University of Trujillo, Peru, in an email.” efforts are concentrated there over the next few years. “

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