PARIS – Increasing birthrights in developing countries contribute to a global baby boom, but women in dozens of richer countries…
PARIS – Increasing birthrights in developing countries contribute to a global baby boom, but women in dozens of richer countries do not produce enough children to keep population levels there, according to figures released Friday.
A global overview of birth, death and disease rates evaluating thousands of data from country to country also found that heart disease is now the only leading cause of death worldwide.
The Institute for Health Statistics and Evaluation (IHME) at the Washington University of Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, used more than 8,000 data sources – more than 600 of them new – to compile one of the most detailed viewers on the global public health.
Their sources were included in the country surveys, social media and open source material.
It was found that while the world’s population rose from 2.6 billion in 1
950 to 7.6 billion last year, this growth was deeply uneven according to gion and income.
Nineteen nations, mainly in Europe and North and South America, did not produce enough children to maintain their current population, according to the IHME study.
But in Africa and Asia, fertility rates continued to grow, with the average woman in Niger who born seven children during her lifetime.
Ali Mokdad, Professor of Health Sciences at IHME, told AFP that the only important factor for determining population growth was education.
“It is down to socio-economic factors but it is a function of a woman’s education,” he said. “The more a woman is educated, she spends more years in school, she is delaying her pregnancies and so few children.”
IHME found that Cyprus was the least born nation on earth, with the average woman giving birth only once in her life.
On the other hand, women in Mali, Chad and Afghanistan have on average more than six children.
The United Nations predicts that there will be more than 10 billion people on the planet in the mid-century, largely in line with IHME’s projection.
This raises the question of how many people our world can support, known as the “power of the Earth”.
Mokdad said that while the people of developing countries continue to rise, so generally their economies increase.
This usually has a knock-on effect on fertility rate over time.
“In Asia and Africa, the population continues to increase, and people move from poverty to better income – unless there is war or regret, he says.”
“Countries are expected to get better economically and it is more likely that fertility will reduce and compare. “
There are not only billions more than 70 years ago, but we live also longer than ever.
The study, published in The Lancet Medical Journal, showed that life expectancy had increased to 71 years from 48 years 1950. Women are now expected to live 76 compared to 53 in 1950.
Lifespan gives their own health problems. Place greater burdens on our care systems.
IHME said heart disease was now the main cause of death globally. Late in 1990, neonatal disorders were the greatest murderer, followed by lung and diarrhea.
Uzbekistan, Ukraine and Azerbaijan had the highest deaths from heart diseases. South Korea, Japan and France had among the lowest.
“You see less mortality from infectious diseases as countries get richer, but also more disability as people live longer,” said Mokdad.
He pointed out that although deaths from infectious diseases such as malaria and tuberculosis have decreased significantly since 1990, new non-communist killers have taken place.
“There are some behaviors that lead to an increase in cardiovascular disease and cancer. Obesity is No. 1 – It increases every year and our behavior contributes to it.”