The research, funded by the British Heart Foundation and published in the magazine Heart, revealed that women were less likely…
The research, funded by the British Heart Foundation and published in the magazine Heart, revealed that women were less likely to receive guideline care for heart attacks compared with men.
Researchers at the University of Leeds found that women in Britain had more than twice the median death rate than men during the 30 days after heart attacks. Their results revealed that 5.2% of women died in the same period after a myocardial infarction, compared with only 2.3% of men, corresponding to a 2.26-fold increase in relative risk of death.
“We know that women die because of uneven heart attacks – and now we have identified the shortcomings we need to save lives,” said Chris Gales, professor of cardiovascular medicine at the University of Leeds and senior author of the report.
“We have to deal with the false perception that heart attacks are just a male health issue,” added Nilesh Samani, medical director of the British Heart Foundation. “This leads to insufficient care for women ̵
1; both at the time and after the heart attacks – with fatal consequences.”
Figure from the study shows that approximately 70,000 women attend the hospital every year in the UK with heart attacks. up to 25,000 of them die.
Researchers estimated that 8 243 of the deaths recorded between 2003 and 2013 could have been avoided in England and Wales if women had the same quality of care as men.
However, they noted that the true number of lives lost due to inequality was probably significantly higher, as the study did not cover heart attacks in Britain during the 10-year study period.
Regarding the cause of the difference, Gales said that women often do not get coronary angiography – – Video images that reveal reductions or blockages in coronary arteries – immediately when they arrive at the hospital and put them in a “disadvantage right from the start”. He added that such delays have “knocking on effects”, which could create additional “shortcomings in the line”.
“Even the differences may seem small, but also in a high-performance health system like Britain, put small deficits in health care over a population to reveal a much bigger problem and significant loss of life,” he added.
The study also found that women who had a non-STD myocardial infarction – a type of myocardial infarction that tends to affect older people and at greater risk – were less likely to get correct coronary angiography within 72 hours of their first symptom .
And women with ST elevation myocardial infarction – a very serious type of heartbeat where the coronary artery is completely blocked – 2.74% were less likely to receive vital treatments, including access to drugs and stent procedures.
The findings were confirmed by Dr Zachary Whinnett, consultant cardiologist at Imperial College London, who said to ensure that women get Proper treatment is likely to lead to improved survival levels.
“A woman suffering from myocardial infarction currently has a higher risk of dying than if she were male. This study showed that differences in treatment can contribute to this increased risk,” he said.
“Although additional research is required, this is potentially an important result, as it indicates that the higher risk for women is not just due to biological differences from men. To ensure that women suffering from myocardial infarction get proper treatment without delay, comes likely to lead to improved survival. “
Researchers at the University of Leeds produced their findings using data from the UK National Heart Attack Register to evaluate the treatment and outcome of 691,290 people in heart attacks in England and Wales between 2003 and 2013.  However, the study did not cover all hospitalizations during the ten year period. Women on average have also been shown to be older when they reached the hospital and were more likely to suffer from other diseases, including diabetes and high blood pressure.