India happens to be the world's second most populated country after Nepal, said the Energy Policy Institute at the University…
India happens to be the world’s second most populated country after Nepal, said the Energy Policy Institute at the University of Chicago (EPIC) on Monday. The study also revealed that particle pollution is so severe that it shortens the average life of the average by more than four years compared to WHO Air Quality Guidelines were met. This is about two years in the late 1990s due to increased particulate pollution by 69 percent.
Concentrations in Indian Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab and Delhi metropolitan areas are significantly higher and the impact on expected life exceeds six years. The new air pollution index, called the Air Quality Life Index (AQLI), states that air pollution reduces global life expectancy by almost two years, making it the biggest threat to human health. For an average resident in Delhi, you get an expected life expectancy if the WHO guidelines are met. It can be up to 1
What makes AQLI unique is that it transforms pollutants into perhaps the most important metrics available – lifespan. It does it on a hyper-local level all over the world. In addition, it illustrates how air pollution policy can increase service life when meeting World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines, existing national air quality standards, or user-defined air quality levels.
Local communities and politicians can use this information and develop air pollution policy on very concrete terms. Loss of longevity is highest in Asia, over six years in many parts of India and China. Some US residents still lose up to a year of life from pollution. Fossil fuel-driven particulate air pollution reduces the global average lifespan by 1.8 years per person, according to pollution index and accompanying EPIC report.
“Around the world today, the air breathes, which pose a serious health risk. However, the way the risk is communicated is often often opaque and confusing and translates the concentration of air pollutants into colors like red, brown, orange, and green. What these colors mean human well-being has always been unclear, “said Michael Greenstone, Milton Friedman, Professor of Economics and Director of EPIC.
Greenstone also noted:” My colleagues and I developed AQLI, where “L” stands for “life” to address these shortcomings . It takes particulate air pollutants and transforms them into perhaps the most important metric that exists, the expected life expectancy. “AQLI is based on a few review studies co-sponsored by Greenstone, which quantifies the causal link between long-term human exposure to particulate contamination and expected life.
The results of these studies are then combined with hyperlokalized global particle measurements, giving an unprecedented insight into it real cost of air pollution in communities around the world. AQLI reveals that India and China, representing 36 percent of the world’s population, account for 73 percent of all years of life lost due to particulate pollution.
On average, people should India lives 4.3 years longer if their country fulfilled the WHO Guideline and extended the average life expectancy at birth from 69 to 73. In the United States, approximately one third of the population lives in areas that do not conform to the WHO Guideline. Those living in the country Most polluted counties can expect to live up to one is longer on pollutants met the WHO guideline.
Globally, AQLI shows that particle pollution reduces the average life expectancy by 1.8 years, making it the biggest global threat to human health. By comparison, first-hand cigarette smoke leads to a reduction in global average life expectancy of approximately 1.6 years. Other risks to human health have even less effects: alcohol and drugs reduce lifespan by 11 months. Insecure water and sanitation takes seven months and HIV / AIDS four months.
“While people can quit smoking and take measures to protect themselves from diseases, there’s a lot they can do individually to protect themselves from the air as they breathe,” said Greenstone.
1. Leaf green vegetables like coriander leaves, coriander leaves, cabbage, cereal and parsley.
2. Citrus fruits full of vitamin C like amla, guava and apple.
3. Food rich in vitamin E like almond, sunflower oil and olive oil.
4. Beta-carotene rich food. Beta carotene prevents inflammation due to its antioxidant activity. Rattan, carrots and amaranth green are rich sources of beta carotene.
5. Omega 3 fatty acids are also a good addition to your diet to fight air pollution. Nuts and seeds like walnuts, chia seeds and flax seed are rich in omega 3 fatty acids.
Include these foods in your diet and contact your doctor immediately if you continue to cough or if there is any minor discomfort in breathing.
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(with entries IANS)