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& # 39; Toxic & # 39; beat gammon and cakeism to win Oxford dictionaries words from 2018 | Books

Oxford dictionaries have ruled out "big dick energy" and the disheartening term "gammon" to name "poisonous" as the word of…

Oxford dictionaries have ruled out “big dick energy” and the disheartening term “gammon” to name “poisonous” as the word of the year and cite the use of the adjective to describe everything from the debate about Brexit to the environment and masculinity.

Defined the word as “poisonous”, Oxford said it had become a “descriptor of the most discussed subjects of the year”. The dictionary pointed to a 45% increase in the number of times the word has been appreciated on its website, saying that it is best caught “ethos, mood or worry” in 201

8, thanks to the “right” scope.


First of all, a word used in Britain is the cookie believing that it is possible to enjoy or utilize both two desirable but mutually exclusive alternatives at once.


Typically used in the United Kingdom as a derogatory term for an older middle class white man whose face is flushed because of anger when expressing political (typically right) views.

Gas Lighting ]

The act of manipulating someone with psychological means to accept a false image of reality or doubt his own sanity.


Incel, short for “involuntary celibacy”, is used as self-descriptor of members of an online subculture who generally consider themselves chronically unable to attract romantic or sexual partners. They have opinions that are hostile to women and men who are sexually active.


Orbiting is to abruptly withdraw from direct communication with someone while still monitoring and sometimes responding to their business on social media.


An excessive number of tourist visits to a popular destination or attraction, resulting in damage to local environment and historical sites and in poorer quality of life for residents.


A strong and widespread negative reaction to the growing power and influence of major technology companies, especially those based in Silicon Valley.


First in English in the mid-17th century, from medieval Latin toxicus “toxic” has also been used to describe workplaces, schools, relationships, cultures and stress in the past year, the dictionary said, with the # MeToo movement that shines a pointer on “toxic masculinity”, a term used to describe the effect of stereotypes that negatively form male behavior.

The word was most associated with the word “chemical” most often in discussions about the environment, including “toxic substance”, “toxic gas”, “toxic waste” and “toxic air”.

The debate encouraged by the Brexit vote has also been described as a toxic environment along with the rhetoric of world leaders, the lexicon said, while social media platforms “have broken the toxic effects they have on our mental health.”

Oxford University Press’s word box Casper Grathwohl said: “In reviewing this year in language, we repeated the word” poisonous “used to describe an increasing set of conditions that we all face. To qualify everything from the anchored patriarch to it the permanent magazine of polarizing political rhetoric, “poisonous” seems to reflect a growing sense of how extreme and sometimes radioactive we consider that aspects of modern life have become. “

Oxford’s words of years are supposed to” reflect the appropriate year in language “. Other words and phrases listed for 2018 included “big dick energy”, defined by Oxford as “an attitude to discreet and relaxed confidence”; gammon, “as used in the UK as a derogatory term for an older middle class white man whose face is flushed because of anger when expressing political (usually fair) views”; and “orbiting”, which is “abrupt withdrawing from direct communication with someone while still monitoring, and sometimes responding to its business on social media”.

Last week, the Collins Dictionary chose the term “disposable use” refers to products to be used once and then thrown away, as the word of the year.

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