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2 more cases of polio-like disease AFM confirmed in Michigan; …

Michigan health care officials said Tuesday two cases of AFM, a polio-like disease, have been confirmed in the state, giving a total of four. The confirmed cases include children in Ottawa and Macomb County. The state's first AFM case was confirmed on December 5 and involves a child in Wayne County. A second case was confirmed in an Oakland County child on December 12th. Five suspected cases of AFM in Michigan remain under investigation, while a case was ruled not to be AFM by CDC. The four confirmed AFM cases had disease diseases between August and October. What is AFM? Acute weak myelitis (AFM) is a rare condition. It affects a person's nervous system, especially the spinal cord, which causes weakness in one or more extremities. AFM or neurological conditions as it has a variety of causes such as viruses and environmentally toxic substances. What causes AFM? Some viruses are known to cause AFM including enterovirus, such as poliovirus and enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) and West Nile virus. Since 2014, most patients with AFM (more than 90%) had mild respiratory disease or fever that corresponded to a viral infection before developing AFM. Who is most exposed to the risk? Most patients are children. CDC has seen increases in AFM cases every two years since 2014 and mostly in small children. Nevertheless, the CDC estimates that less than one in two in a million children in the United States will receive AFM each year. In cases investigated in Michigan, ages vary from…

Michigan health care officials said Tuesday two cases of AFM, a polio-like disease, have been confirmed in the state, giving a total of four.

The confirmed cases include children in Ottawa and Macomb County.

The state’s first AFM case was confirmed on December 5 and involves a child in Wayne County. A second case was confirmed in an Oakland County child on December 12th.

Five suspected cases of AFM in Michigan remain under investigation, while a case was ruled not to be AFM by CDC. The four confirmed AFM cases had disease diseases between August and October.

What is AFM?

Acute weak myelitis (AFM) is a rare condition. It affects a person’s nervous system, especially the spinal cord, which causes weakness in one or more extremities. AFM or neurological conditions as it has a variety of causes such as viruses and environmentally toxic substances.

What causes AFM?

Some viruses are known to cause AFM including enterovirus, such as poliovirus and enterovirus A71

(EV-A71) and West Nile virus. Since 2014, most patients with AFM (more than 90%) had mild respiratory disease or fever that corresponded to a viral infection before developing AFM.

Who is most exposed to the risk?

Most patients are children. CDC has seen increases in AFM cases every two years since 2014 and mostly in small children. Nevertheless, the CDC estimates that less than one in two in a million children in the United States will receive AFM each year.

In cases investigated in Michigan, ages vary from 5 months to 55 years.

How does it spread?

AFM primarily affects children and is not thought to be contagious . It can be a rare complication after a viral infection, and the environment and genetic factors can also contribute to development.

CDC has tested many different samples from AFM patients for a wide range of pathogens (bacteria) that can cause AFM. So far no pathogen (bacteria) has been detected consistently in the patient’s spinal fluid; A pathogen detected in the spinal fluid would be a good evidence to indicate the cause of AFM because this condition affects the spinal cord.

What are the symptoms of AFM?

Patients’ symptoms have most resembled infections with infection with certain viruses including poliovirus, non-polio enterovirus, adenovirus and West Nile virus.

  • Sudden muscle weakness in the arms or legs
  • Difficulty moving the eyes
  • Drooping eyelids or facial drop / weakness
  • Difficulty or swallowing speech

Numeracy or tingling is rare in people with AFM, although some people have pain in their arms or legs. Some people with AFM can not manage urine (pee). The most difficult symptom of AFM is breathing failure which may occur when the breathing muscles become weak. This may require urgent ventilation support (breathing apparatus).

In very rare cases, the process in the body that triggers AFM may also trigger other serious neurological complications that can lead to death.

How is AFM treated?

There is no specific treatment for AFM, but a physician specializing in the treatment of cerebrovascular disease (neurologist) may recommend certain cases on a case by case basis. For example, neurologists may recommend physical or occupational therapy to help with arm or leg weakness caused by AFM. CDC collaborates closely with national experts to better understand how to treat AFM and update our clinical management concerns.

How can we prevent the spread of AFM?

As AFM may develop due to a viral infection, healthcare parents recommend that parents and children take basic steps to avoid infections and stay healthy:

  • Wash your hands frequently with soap and water
  • Stay informed about vaccinations
  • Protect yourself and children from mosquito bites by wearing protective clothing and using EPA registered insects

You can protect yourself and your children from poliovirus by being vaccinated. The polio vaccine contains inactivated virus (not live) and protects against poliovirus. This vaccine does not protect against other viruses that may cause AFM.

Copyright 2018 by WDIV ClickOnDetroit – All Rights Reserved.

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