NASA celebrates its 60th anniversary 2018, while next year marks 50 years since the first manned mission landed on the…
NASA celebrates its 60th anniversary 2018, while next year marks 50 years since the first manned mission landed on the moon.
To celebrate these two milestones, Guinness World Records looks back on some of the space organization’s key record performances.
<img xmlns: xlink = “http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink” xlink: href = “tcm: 25-543277” title = “Gemini VIII” alt = “Gemini VIII” width = ” 684 “height =” 684 “xlink: title =” Gemini VIII “src =” http://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/Images/Gemini-VIII_tcm25-543277.jpg
1966: First docking between two spacecraft
On March 16, 1966, the Gemini VIII Capsule, piloted by David Scott and Neil Armstrong, was successfully docked with an unmanned spacecraft called Agena Target Vehicle. Both boats had traveled thousands of miles to meet in this small place in space 270km above the ground.
Before the two astronauts once had to celebrate their performance, one of the thrusters on the Gemini capsule was malfunctioning, sending spacecraft to a spin. Ar mstrong was able to regain control of the ship, but with most of his fuel, determined NASA to cancel the rest of the mission and bring home home at the time gt.
The 1960s The Rocket
The Saturn V rocket built for taking the astronauts to the moon was 110.6 meters tall and weighed up to 2 965 tons (3,268 tonnes) when it was burned. It is higher than the Statue of Liberty and five times heavier than a modern Falcon 9 rocket. Saturn V (recreated in LEGO® for Guinness World Records 2019 ) made its first flight on November 6, 1967 with the unmanned Apollo 4 capsule and continued to play a role in many record failures.
1969: First Men on the Moon
Neil Armstrong’s first footstep on the moon, retrieved on July 21, 1969, was the culmination of years of planning and hard work.
Dozens of records had been broken in the process, including only a short time before Minimum amount of fuel left on a moon landing . Armstrong and his crew member Buzz Aldrin spent 21 hours on the moon, planted an American flag, and set up a number of science experiments.
When the Apollo program wound down, NASA was determined to make the most of its last visit to the moon.
The astronauts Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt logged 22 hour surface output during the visit and covered an estimated 35.9 km in its Lunar Rover Vehicle (LRV).
On their last day when they drove down to a hill near the Sherlock field, Schmitt and Cernan reported that they got their LRV up to a record speed of 18 km / h.  1973: The Greatest Space in Space
At the time of launch – the last operational Saturn V rocket – May 14, 1973, Skylab was the largest space station still built. Despite losing The International Space Station is its core “Orbital Workshop” module, the largest single space anyone has put in circulation.
Workshop was built inside a spare fuel tank Saturn V and measured 14 , 7 m long and 6,6 m 21,6 ft wide.
To space a spacecraft safely on the Mars surface is really difficult, even according to rocket science standards. The first soft landing was made by the Soviet Union March 3 landlord 1971, but an unknown technical error struck out the lander’s transmissions after only 20 seconds.
The first landlord who successfully performed his mission was the NASA County Council Viking 1 who landed July 20, 1976 and beamed images and scientific data back from Mars in the next six years.
<img xmlns: xlink = “http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink” xlink: href = “tcm: 25-543286” title = “First reusable spacecraft” alt = “First reusable spacecraft” width = “684” height = “684” xlink: title = “First reusable spacecraft” src = “http://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/Images/First-reusable-spacecraft_tcm25-543286.jpg” /
1981: First reusable spacecraft
The rumor Columbia made his virgin on April 12, 1981, with the apple program veteran John Young and rookie astronaut Robert Crippen at the controls. 19659002] It performed a two-day test mission before deorbitation and sliding for a conventional landing run at the Edwards Air Force Base. The orbs were patched up and flew again later that year.
1985: Most people in a single spacecraft
The space shuttle was bigger than any previous spacecraft and could accommodate a large crew.
On October 30, 1985, Shuttle Mission took the STS-61-A with a crew of eight, including six American and space researchers from Germany and the Netherlands. This record for most people in a single spacecraft lasted until 1995, when 13 people came together at the Russian Space Station Mir .
This number included the station crew, crew of a docked shuttle and crew of a docked Soyuz. This entry was matched under similar circumstances on 17 July 2009 at International Space Station .
1990: Largest Space Telescope
After years of delays and development problems, the Hubble Space Telescope was finally launched on April 24, 1990 aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery .
Weighting of 11.1 tons (24,490 lb) and measurement of about 13 m long The Hubble Space Telescope is the largest ever-ever-ever-ever-observatory space – a title that it continues to hold until the launch of James Webb Space Telescope in a few years.
Hubble continued to make many record breaking discoveries and is expected to be at least at least anoth every 10 years.
1997: First Mars Rover
The Mars Pathfinder mission was bounced to a stop (landed in parachute airbag) in a Mars region called Ares Vallis on July 4, 1997. The following The day after the landlord had taken advantage of its solar panels, it deployed a dog size called Sojourner .
Designed for a mission of 7 “Suns” (Mars days), it continued exploring the planet for 83 Suns.
“width =” 400 “height =” 600 “xlink: title = “Mest avlägsna planet landning” src = “http://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/Images/Most-remote-planetary-landing_tcm25-543293.jpg” />  On January 14, 2005, NASA / ESA unmanned probe Cassini deployed a small lander called Huygens on Saturn Moon Titan, about 1.4 billion kilometers from the sun.
Den small-probe relayed images and data back to Cassini, which sent them to the ground, show a foreign and foreign landscape of methane sea and ice volcanoes. Cassini stayed in circulation around Saturn for a total of 13 years 76 days,
With the addition of Leonardo Versatile Logistics Module March 1, 2011, ] ISS to a total pressurized volume of 916 m ^ 3 (32333 cubic feet) with a
The recruitment process f r Astronaut Group 22, which started in December 2015, found that NASA received 18 300 applications from the public. This breaks the record of 8,000 in the 1978 Astronaut Group 8. These 18,300 applicants were pulled down by a rigorous selection process to only 12 people whose name was announced on June 8, 2017.
Once they have extended their education – which means You learn to fly supersonic jets, drive robots and speak Russian – they will fly missions to ISS and possibly beyond as part of NASA’s Orion program.