NASA celebrates its 60th anniversary 2018, while next year marks 50 years since the first manned mission landed on the…
NASA celebrates its 60th anniversary 2018, while next year marks 50 years since the first manned mission landed on the moon. To celebrate these two milestones, Guinness World Records looks back on some of the space agency’s key record performance. 1966: The first dock between two spacecraft On March 16, 1966, the Gemini VIII Capsule, headed by David Scott and Neil Armstrong, successfully packed an unmanned spacecraft called Agena Target Vehicle. Both craftsmen had traveled thousands of miles to meet in this small place in space 270km above the ground. Before the two astronauts once had to celebrate their performance, one of the thrusters bothered the Gemini capsule, sending the spacecraft to a spin. Armstrong could regain control of the ship, but with most of his fuel, NASA decided to cancel the rest of the mission and get them home early in 1
967: The largest rocket Saturn V rocket built to take astronauts to the moon was 110.6 meters long and weighed as much as 2 965 tonnes (3 268 tonnes) when fully powered. It is higher than the Statue of Liberty and five times heavier than a modern Falcon 9 rocket. Saturn V (recreated in LEGO® for Guinness World Records 2019) made its first flight on November 6, 1967 with the unmanned Apollo 4 capsule and continued to play a role in many record failures. 1969: First men on the moonNeil Armstrong’s first footstep on the moon, taken on July 21, 1969, was the culmination of years of planning and hard work. Dozens of records had broken in the process, including, just a short time before, the minimum amount of fuel left on a lunar landing. Armstrong and his crew member Buzz Aldrin spent 21 hours on the moon, planted an American flag and established a number of science experiments.1972: Lunar Speed Records With the Apollo program, NASA was determined to get the most out of its last visit to the moon. The astronauts Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt logged 22 hours of excursions during the visit and estimated 35.9 km (22.3 miles) in their Lunar Rover Vehicle (LRV). On their last day, as they drove down to a hill near the Sherlock block area, Schmitt and Cernan reported that they got their LRV up to a record speed of 18 km / h. 1973: Biggest space in spaceAnd the time for launch – the last Operational Saturn V Rocket – On May 14, 1973, Skylab was the largest space station still built. Although it has since lost its title to the International Space Station, its core “Orbital Workshop” module is the largest single space that someone has put in orbit. The workshop was built inside a spare part fuel in Saturn V and was measured 14.7 m long and 6.6 m width 21.6 ft. 1976: First Successful Mars LandingSetting a spacecraft on Mars surface is really difficult, even according to rocket science standards. The first soft landing was made by the Soviet Union’s Mars 3 landing in 1971, but an unknown technical error struck the landlord’s transfers after just 20 seconds. The first landlord who successfully performed his mission was NASA’s Viking 1 Lander, who landed July 20, 1976, beamed images and scientific data back from Mars in the next six years. 1981: First reusable spacecraftSpace shuttle Columbia made his maiden on April 12, 1981, with Apollo program veteran John Young and rookie astronaut Robert Crippen at the controls. It performed a two-day test mission before deorbitation and sliding for a conventional landing run at the Edwards Air Force Base. The orbiter was patched up and flew again later that year.1985: Most in a single spacecraftSpace Shuttle was bigger than any previous spacecraft and could accommodate a large crew. On October 30, 1985, Shuttle Mission STS-61-A took off with a crew of eight, including six Americans and space researchers from ESA and Germany. This record for most in a single spacecraft lasted until 1995, when 13 people arrived together at Russia’s space station Mir. This number included the station crew, crew on a docked shuttle and crew of a docked Soyuz. This entry was matched under similar circumstances on July 17, 2009 at the International Space Station. 19900: Largest Space Telescope After years of delays and developmental problems, the Hubble Space Telescope was finally launched on April 24, 1990, on board the spacecraft display. With a weighing of 11.1 tons and about 13 meters long, the Hubble Space Telescope is the largest ever-ever-ever-ever-ever-ever-ever-ever-ever-ever-ever-ever-ever-ever-ever-ever-ever-observatory space-space. Hubble continued to make many record discoveries and is expected to remain in service for at least 10 years. 1997: First Mars Rover The Mars Pathfinder mission was bounced (it landed in a parachute airbag) in a Mars region called Ares Vallis on July 4, 1997. The following day, after the landlord had utilized its solar panels, it deployed a dog size called Sojourner. Designed for a mission of 7 “Suns” (Mars-days), it continued to explore the planet for 83 Sols.2005: The Far East of the Planetary Road On January 14, 2005, NASA / ESA unmanned probe Cassini landed a small lander called Huygens on Saturn’s moon Titan, about 1.4 billion kilometers from the sun. The little probe relayed images and data back to Cassini, which sent them to the ground, showing a strange and foreign landscape with methane sea and icefields. Cassini stayed in circulation around Saturn for a total of 13 years 76 days and carried out the longest orbital survey of an outer planet in 2011: Largest space station. The construction of the International Space Station began with the launch of the Russian Zarya module in November 1998. It was connected by the American Unity Connection Module later that year. With the addition of the Leonardo multipurpose logistics module on March 1, 2011, ISS grew to a total volume of 916 m 3 (32 333 cubic feet) driven by a solar array about the size of a soccer field.2015: Most applications for an astronaut selection process The recruitment process for the Astronaut Group 22, which started in December 2015, NASA received 18 300 applications from the public. This breaks the record of 8,000 set by Astronaut Group 8 in 1978. These 18,300 applicants were pulled down through a careful selection process to only 12 people whose name was announced on June 8, 2017. After completing their education – which means learning fly flying supersonic jets, drive robots and speak Russian – they will fly missions to ISS and possibly beyond as part of NASA’s Orion program.
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