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10 years after ISRO's Chandrayaan1, moon lander Chandrayaan2 awaits takeoff Jan 2019

Ten years ago on October 22, 2008, Indian Space Research Organization launched Chandrayaan-1, India's first planetary probe to the Moon.…

Ten years ago on October 22, 2008, Indian Space Research Organization launched Chandrayaan-1, India’s first planetary probe to the Moon. A few weeks from now, the mission’s successor – Chandrayaan-2 – is scheduled to follow suit after many unforeseen delays in its launch date, a report in the Times of India said. 19659002] Chandrayaan-1 was India’s first ever planetary mission to the moon, and carried a range of experiments, both Indian and international, to the lunar orbit.

Chandrayaan-1’s findings

Among its many, the probe collected a lot of significant data about its mission to orbit and study the moon’s chemistry, geology and mineral makeup for close to a year. bevindingen waren direct bewijs van water op de maan. Data from the Moon Mineralogy Mapper on Chandrayaan-1

was crucial to findings that the moon does, in fact, has water on its surface. These deposits were found as water-ice concentrated near the polar regions of the moon.

A second instrument on Chandrayan-1, the Mini-Synthetic Aperture Radar (Mini SAR), also found water ice deposits in craters on the father side of the moon. This has been a blind spot for past lunar missions as well as observations from Earth since it is not well-studied, but also unavailable to satellite signals for communication with mission controllers on Earth.

A third instrument, the Indian Moon Impact Probe ) or Chandrayaan-1 picked up on signatures or water in the lunar exosphere.

Finally, the discovery that made headlines world-over was the first “direct evidence” of water in the moon’s atmosphere just above the Moon’s surface, collected by The Chandra’s Altitudinal Composition (CHACE) instrument as the probe descended on the moon.

These findings were largely made because the probe’s instruments were designed to detect even traces of water – in the form of hydroxyl ions (OH) as opposed to the more familiar form of the water molecule (H 2 O). This indicated that solar radiation quickly pulverizes water into hydrogen ions, which escape the atmosphere, and hydroxyl ions, which linger as traces of water. .

 Representational image. Image courtesy: ISRO

Representational image. Image courtesy: ISRO

The Chandrayaan-2 Mission

Following in Chandrayaan-1’s heels, the Rs 800-crore ” Chandrayaan-2 ” unmanned mission, scheduled for a January 3, 2019 launch.

The 3,890-kg Chandrayaan-2, which will be launched on the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) Mk-

Chandrayaan-2, which weighs 3.890 kg, will be launched onboard the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) Mk-3 .

“Chandrayaan-2 is planned for a window from 3 January to 16 February 2019, that we are targeting. “We are aiming for the beginning of the window, January 3,” said Sivan while addressing the media, according to To various reports.

When ISRO was ques Sivan said that ISRO would be the certifying agency.

“You can say that this is Chandrayaan-3 as the project has been reconfigured completely,” Sivan Told TOI . “If we went with the previous configuration, it would have been a disaster.” They had not thought of so many issues, that are being corrected now. “

Sivan added that the standards for certification will be drawn with the help of the Directorate General of Civil Aviation, and that ISRO would like to get the expertise of other countries in this regard.

This is the first time that India will have a rover landing on the moon almost 50 years after American astronaut Neil Armstrong walked on the eerie lunar surface in 1969.

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